Childhood Obesity

Obesity and overweight indicates that a person’s weight is considerably more than what is regarded as healthy for his or her height. Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat effects the child’s health or well being. Growth in size, among children is dependent in several hormones and nutrition.

Diagnosis of Childhood Obesity

Usually the child’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to diagnose child obesity. BMI is calculated using the ratio of weight to height.

The typical symptoms of Childhood obesity

  • emotional or psychological problems indication.
  • Low self esteem.
  • Feeling sad, bored, nervous and depressed.

Causes of Obesity in Childhood

Childhood obesity can be caused by several factors often acting in combination.

  • Energy loaded cheap and convenience food.
  • Stored up unused energy.
  • Lack of outdoor play time activity.
  • Genetic, inherited or acquired disability and environmental factors. Obese kids have occasionally been found to be suffering from hypothyroid complications.
  • Consumption of unhealthy food.

Complications of Childhood Obesity

  • Childhood obesity can lead to life threatening conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and other cardio vascular disorders, insomnia, liver disease, cancer, early puberty, eating disorders (anorexia and Bulimia), skin infection, asthma and other respiratory problems.
  • Obesity during adolescence has been found to increase mortality rate during adulthood.
  • Psychological disorder (poor self esteem, anxiety, depression).
  • Neurological disorders.

Remedy and care for child obesity

  • Complete change of life style.
  • Consumption of nutritious food.
  • Practice daily yoga/meditation
  • Regular physical activity and mental engagement.
  • Support, care and guidance from parents and teachers.
  • Sufficient sleep and diversion.

Childhood Obesity Causes & Consequences

Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including factors such as a person’s behavior and genetics.

Our nation’s overall increase in obesity also is influenced by a person’s community. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices.

Behavior

Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.

In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

Use these resources to eat well and be active!

A healthy diet follows the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products. It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

Community Environment

It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide. Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.

Consequences of Obesity

More Immediate Health Risks

  • High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
  • Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.
  • Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea.
  • Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort.
  • Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux (i.e., heartburn).
  • Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression./li>
  • Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life./li>
  • Social problems such as bullying and stigma.

Future Health Risks

  • Children who have obesity are more likely to become adults with obesity.11 Adult obesity is associated with increased risk of a number of serious health conditions including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer.
  • If children have obesity, their obesity and disease risk factors in adulthood are likely to be more severe.